Whether a person is religious, spiritual or neither, the major influence religion has on American culture will be emphasized over the coming days with religious observances of Passover and Easter. Religion and spirituality: Linkages to physical health. Attendance at religious services and mortality in a national sample. Archives of Internal Medicine, 161, 1881-1885. Stress reduction and preventing hypertension: Preliminary support for a psychoneuroendocrine mechanism. American Journal of Public Health, 88, 1469-1475. It affirmed Request PDF | Do religion and spirituality influence health? In: Green R.M. Research on this topic provides evidence for the protective role of religion against cardiovascular disease (Powell, Shahabi & Thorensen, 2003). The results showed that triglyceride, cholesterol and malondialdehyde (one product of lipid peroxidation) levels decreased significantly during Ramadan. Terms of Use :: Privacy Policy :: Contact. Preventive Medicine, 27, 545-552. (2002). This paper provides a concise but comprehensive review of research on religion/spirituality (R/S) and both mental health and physical health. How Religion and Spirituality Affect Our Health A look at the research shows that both can help us—in different ways. The Influence of Religion on Health. (eds) Religion and Sexual Health. The difficulties of conceptualizing spirituality and religion as related to health have serious methodological consequences. Theology and Medicine, vol 1. K. F. Ferraro and C. M. Albrecht-Jensen, "Does religion Influence Adult Health?" According to Georgetown University’s Berkley Center for Religion, Peace and World Affairs, the UHC system works quite well thanks to Buddhist values. ‘Does religion cause health? Church attendees present with lower rates of alcohol consumption and improvement in mood, which is associated with better physical health. Religion and spirituality are both rooted in trying to understand the meaning of life and, in some cases, how a relationship with a higher power may influence that meaning. Journal of Health Psychology, 7, 365-380. Learn more | Blog | Submit. Finally, Koenig et al. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 45,198-213. (2004). Data was collected in three stages, over a period of eight years. Religiosity is associated with affective and immune status in symnptomatic HIV-infected gay men. (p. 379) provides a thoughtful account of how religion, culture, and tradition can provide positive and negative influences on public health. Trial of relaxation reducing coronary risk: Four year follow up. "The Influence of Religion on Health." Note that Weber & Pargament (2014) express that the influence of religion on mental health is not only positive but can also be negative: "Studies indicate that religion and spirituality can promote mental health through positive religious coping, community and support, and positive beliefs. The second interpretation, the ‘psychobiological’ one, considers that spirituality/religion influence health through psychoneuroimmunological or psychoneuroendocrinological pathways beyond the benefits that religion has through health behaviors and social support. Listening to their beliefs and views on their faith along with how those beliefs are tied into their health can build trust between physician and patient. & Patel, M. (1985). Religion and Health: Influence of Religion on Longevity: Rop Kipsigei Naaman: Amazon.nl Selecteer uw cookievoorkeuren We gebruiken cookies en vergelijkbare tools om uw winkelervaring te verbeteren, onze services aan te bieden, te begrijpen hoe klanten onze services gebruiken zodat we verbeteringen kunnen aanbrengen, en om advertenties weer te geven. Religion and Sexual Health. Yet, it is associated with poor mental and behavioral health as well as lower wellbeing and negative relational strategies. The relationship between religion and health has been of longstanding interest in the health, social, and behavioral sciences, spanning a period of >100 years (117, 121, 122, 123).Despite recognized methodological and analytical issues (), overall the findings indicate a consistent and salutary influence of religious factors on individual and population health (110, 122). (1998). The first of these two studies analyzed lipid peroxidation before and after the month of Ramadan, when the Muslims fast (abstaining from any food) from sunrise to sunset (Asgary et al., 2000). One of the first sociologists to study religion was Emile Durkheim, who found that distinctions between ideas about the sacred and profane were connected to notions of health and illness. The religiosity of the participants was measured through considering not only mosque attendance but also praying five times a day, giving alms, extra praying, daily reading and listening to readings of the Qur’an, fasting and going on pilgrimage to Mecca. The American Journal of Sociology, 97, 1052-1079. Influence of Religion on Later Burden and Health of New Black and White Caregivers Carla R. A. Fider, Jerry W. Lee, Peter C. Gleason, and Patricia Jones Journal of Applied Gerontology 2017 38 : 9 , 1282-1303 Oman, D., Kurata, J.H., Strawbridge, W.J. Negative stereotypes associated with mental illnesses can lead to discrimination towards those with these illnesses through a process of stigmatization (Link & Phelan, 2001). 30 (1991), pp. However, because this resource is not investigated and used at its full capacity, health psychology risks promoting a cultural iatrogenesis (healer-induced disability to cope with illness) (Oman & Thorensen, 2003). In this issue of AJPH, the article by Blevins et al. Hundreds of studies have examined how religious beliefs mold an individual’s sociology and psychology. Religiosity and its relation to blood pressure among selected Kuwaitis. About The Journal | Submissions Hormones and Behavior, 10, 54-60. According to recent statistics published by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2011, Hispanics in the United States tend to outlive non-Hispanic whites by almost three years. Infante, J.R., Peran, F., Martinez, M., Roldan, A., Poyatos, R. Ruiz, C., Garrido, S. & Garrido, F. (1998). The most documented relationship is the influence of meditation on blood pressure (Patel et al., 1985; Sudsuang, Chentanez & Veluvan, 1991; Schneider et al., 1995; Schmidt, Wijga, Von Zur Muhlen, Brabant & Wagner, 1997). From the studies cited here, some evidence for the existence of a relationship between meditation and health exists. Lower lipid peroxide levels in practitioners of the transcendental meditation program. Religiosity is associated with affective and immune status in symnptomatic HIV-infected gay men. Woods, T.E., Antoni, M.H., Ironson, G.H. Religiosity/Spirituality and health: A critical review of the evidence for biological pathways. &Williams, D.R. Another study compared a group of individuals from a residential area in Sweden participated in a three-month yoga and meditation training program with a group of individuals from a residential area in Germany that did not participate in the program (Schmidt et al., 1997). Sima Barmania 25 Aug 2016 (1995). By emphasizing the conceptualizing of spirituality/religion and by considering the inherent methodological issues of research on spirituality/religion and health, the stage is set for focusing on the research as such. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 32, 69-89. First, I provide a brief historical background to set the stage. Disclaimer: content on this website is for informational purposes only. In light of these considerations, Oman and Thorensen (2003) point out that health psychology should cultivate an understanding of how religion and spirituality are felt, lived, and experienced by the populations of interest. An interesting study analyzing the data from a sample of HIV-positive gay men showed that religious behavior (e.g. The results showed that more frequent attendance at religious services was associated with lower stroke incidence (Colantonio et al., 1992). How Do Spirituality and Religion Influence Health? ISSN: 2153-5760. Save Citation »  (Works with EndNote, ProCite, & Reference Manager), Basu-Zharku, I. O. It is not intended to provide medical or other professional advice. Journal for the Scientific Study of religion, Vol. Results showed that the meditation practitioners had no diurnal rhythm for ACTH and for β-endorphin, as compared to the control group. are differences between religion and spirituality, the distinction between the two is often blurred, with much of the research using measures of religious practice as a proxy. Oman, D. & Thorensen, C.E. (2001). McCullough, M.E., Hoyt, W.T., Larson, D.B., Koenig, H.G. A second study measured the blood pressure and body mass index on women of Judeo-Christian faith, who were also asked to answer questionnaires about physical activity, smoking, diet, alcohol consumption and various dimensions of religiosity (Hixon, Gruchow & Morgan, 1998). Infante, J.R., Peran, F., Martinez, M., Roldan, A., Poyatos, R. Ruiz, C., Garrido, S. & Garrido, F. (1998). Culture, spirituality and religion: migrant health guide Advice and guidance on the health needs of migrant patients for healthcare practitioners. This last study also showed that the college students following the meditation program had lower stress hormone levels (specifically cortisol) at the end of the program (Sudsuang et al., 1991). Is Medical Debt a Social Determinant of Health? Sudsuang, R., Chentanez, V. & Vevulan, K. (1991). Only men were included in the study. (1999). (2003). Other researchers argue that religion can more directly lead to better health by proscribing risky behaviors and promoting healthy ones. (1998). Journal of Health Psychology ,8, 223-229. Of course, a definition for spirituality and religiousness has to be broad enough to include all individuals and applicable to all religious denominations (Miller & Thorensen, 2003). "The Influence of Religion on Health." (1997). &Williams, D.R. Physiology and Behavior, 64, 311-315. Dealing with the issue of healthcare is no small challenge for any country, either rich or poor. Previously considered as outside of the sphere of research for the perceived impossibility in using any scientific method to study it, religion is now prominent in scientific studies that investigate its influence on health which may dictate the direction of respective healthcare policies, as was found by researchers Miller and Thorensen in their 2003 study. , Basu-Zharku, Iulia O. Spirituality is defined in individual terms, characterized by experiences involving meaning, connectedness, and transcendence, whereas religion is defined in communal terms, characterized by institutionalized practices and beliefs, membership and modes of organization (Pesut, Fowler, Taylor, Reimer-Kirkham & Sawatzky, 2008; Miller & Thorensen, 2003). A randomized controlled trial of stress reduction for hypertension in older African Americans. Demography, 36, 273-285. Oman, D. & Reed, D. (1998). & Kling, D.W. (1999). Specifically, the relationship between mediation/relaxation techniques and blood pressure seem to have the strongest evidence (Seeman et al., 2003), while the other relationships between meditation/relaxation techniques and stress hormones, oxidative stress and cholesterol have some evidence but not as strong, due to methodological issues (Seeman et al., 2003). If we work in different cultures and want to achieve One Health outcomes, we absolutely need to adopt the view that there are many legitimate perspectives. Home | Current Issue | Blog | Archives | Ironson et al. The Spanish Inquisition, Bloody Mary Tudor executing Protestants, the Salem Witch Hunts, the Holocaust, right up to the Islamic Jihads of today – all manifestations of the impact of religion on human behavior. Religion is not only “researchable,” but it is also of essential interest to clinicians, doctors, patients and health psychologists. American Psychologist, 58, 53-63. Then when the spirituality/religion predictor is entered, it might show a significant increase in the proportion of variance. Although this study had a more representative sample, it was too short in length of time. Changes in cardiovascular risk factors and hormones during a comprehensive residential three month Kriya yoga training and vegetarian nutrition. & Martin, L.R. Physiology and Behavior, 50, 543-548. Available: http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/a?id=367. Oman, D. & Thorensen, C.E. This developing identification has created a void as people move away from the traditional, established symbols and maps of meaning. Effect of Buddhist meditation on serum cortisol and total protein levels, blood pressure, pulse rate, lung volume, and reaction time. Religion is considered too personal a subject. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 46, 165-176. 37, No. This current study explored the stigmatization of offenders with mental... Authenticity, flow, and meaning are three important factors of an individual’s ability to achieve sustained long-term happiness (Seligman, 2002; Seligman, 2011). Although Thailand established Universal Health Care in 2002, before that transformation, many sought help from Buddhist temples. The relationship between religion and health has been a subject of interest in the past and in the latest years becoming increasingly visible in the social, behavioral, and health sciences. (2002). Effects of Greek Orthodox Christian Church fasting on serum lipids and obesity. The findings pointed to a significant association between high church attendance and lower levels of interleukin-6 (a marker of inflammation) but only for the cross-sectional data. Other research has looked at Judeo/Christian/Muslim religious practices (in particular, synagogue/church/mosque attendance and/or prayer) and health.Continued on Next Page ». The Influence of Religion on Health. Religiosity and its relation to blood pressure among selected Kuwaitis. While studies have linked Medical Debt to decreased savings, reduced health access, foreclosure of homes, and loss of income, there has been little to no research exploring Medical Debt’s effect as a social determinant of health. (1992). Results showed that total and LDL cholesterol were significantly lower in people who fasted as compared to those who did not fast. & Spiegel, D. (2001). 3 … (1997). In healthcare literature religion and spirituality are most of the time used interchangeably, although they have quite different meanings (Miller & Thorensen, 2003). Tuberculosis, malaria, mental illnesses, and especially HIV/AIDS are health issues with which Ethiopia continues to grapple. Religious coping, ethnicity, and ambulatory blood pressure. The most pervasive associations are between religious practices and lower blood pressure, better lipid profiles, better immune function, and lower all-cause mortality (Seeman et al.). Religious practice substantially contributes to physical and mental health. Taking an eclectic approach to the study of human values, health, and emotional welfare, this international interdisciplinary journal publishes original peer-reviewed articles that deal with mental … Sephton, S.E., Koopman, C., Schaal, M., Thorensen, C.E. & Spiegel, D. (2001). The first of the studies investigating the link between religious practices and blood pressure used a large sample of older adults with high blood pressure and/or taking medication for high blood pressure (Koenig et al, 1998). (2009). (2003). & Blazer, D.G. A second study involving a randomized design looked at the influence of transcendental meditation and progressive muscle relaxation on blood pressure in a sample of older African American adults (Schneider et al., 1995). Uptake of antenatal services is low in Nigeria; however, indicators in the Christian-dominated South have been better than in the Muslim-dominated North. Pargament, I., Koenig, H.G., Tarakeshwar, N. & Hahn, J. One possibility is that religion provides physical health benefits indirectly. The Rise of Global Health: How Did Health Become a Matter of Global Concern? The Breast Cancer Journal, 7, 345-353. Negative stereotypes associated with mental illnesses can lead to discrimination towards those with these illnesses through a process of stigmatization (Link & Phelan, 2001). Powell, L.H., Shahabi, L. & Thorensen, C.E. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 24, 34-48. Physiology and Behavior, 64, 311-315. Some behaviors run contrary to the ethics of the religion, with disastrous effects. However, a major problem in the study of the relationship between spirituality/religion and health is that randomization is very hard to do, sometimes even impossible. Journal of Health Psychology ,8, 223-229. Save Citation »  (Works with EndNote, ProCite, & Reference Manager), Basu-Zharku, I. O. Religious struggle as a predictor of mortality among medically ill elderly patients: A 2-year longitudinal study. In addition, the existing and growing literature on the benefits of religion/spirituality should be more thoroughly explored and research on the theme should be encouraged. Home | Current Issue | Blog | Archives | The Influence of Religion on Health. Preventive Medicine, 27, 545-552. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 28, 189-213. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 24, 34-48. Not in our name should any person be denied their human rights.” The call highlighted the hurt that comes when violations of human rights occur in the name of religion, culture, or tradition. Observations on the Influence of Religion Upon the Health and Physical Welfare of Mankind: Brigham, Amariah: Amazon.nl The Ironson-Woods spirituality/religiousness index is associated with long survival, health behaviors, less distress, and low cortisol in people with HIV/AIDS. In this issue of AJPH, the article by Blevins et al. (2003). Pesut, B., Fowler, M., Taylor, E.J., Reimer-Kirkham, S. & Sawatzky, R. (2008). 16, No. Does devoutness delay death? The second study showed that participants in a three-month yoga and meditation program had a lower total serum and LDL cholesterol after the training (Schmidt et al., 1997). Health Psychology, 19, 211-222. Inquiries Journal provides undergraduate and graduate students around the world a platform for the wide dissemination of academic work over a range of core disciplines. Lower lipid peroxide levels in practitioners of the transcendental meditation program. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 46, 165-176. (2003). Hypertension, 26, 820-827. Changes in cardiovascular risk factors and hormones during a comprehensive residential three month Kriya yoga training and vegetarian nutrition. (2001). Inquiries Journal/Student Pulse 3.01 (2011). At other times, this connection may be less helpful—or even harmful—if it creates stress or acts as a barrier to treatment. (2000). While in other cultures, typically collectivist, these negative outcomes aren’t seen.... Research has shown that autism spectrum disorder (ASD) shares similar genetic roots with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Culture, religion, and economic considerations equally influence the human-animal relationship. Mental Health, Religion & Culture: Vol. American Psychologist, 58, 53-63. Pargament, I., Koenig, H.G., Tarakeshwar, N. & Hahn, J. Because the literature is so extensive, only some representative studies will be cited here. Religion and Mental Health . & Cohen, R.D (2002). There are four prominent pathways in which religion influence health: health behaviours (through prescribing a certain diet and/or discouraging the abuse of alcoholic beverages, smoking, etc., (2011). Oman, D. & Thorensen, C.E. American psychologist, 58, 36-52. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 1, 263-283. Influence of religion, religiosity and spirituality on positive mental health of young people Nima. Journal of Health Psychology, 7, 365-380. Dealing with the issue of healthcare is no small challenge for any country, either rich or poor. (2003). Koenig, H.G., Cohen, H.J., George, L.K., Hays, J.C., Larson, D.B. ‘Does religion cause health? Attendance at religious services, interleukin-6, and other biological parameters of immune function in older adults. Powell, L.H., Shahabi, L. & Thorensen, C.E. (2013). (1992). & Davidson, J.M. Religion and spirituality will continue to influence health care on both patient and community levels. whether religion should be promoted as a Ztool [ for promoting health (as may be the case with, for example, exercise or diet). American Journal of Epidemiology, 136, 884-894. The influence of culture on health is vast. About The Journal | Submissions & Ellison, C.G. (1992). International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 27, 233-250. Religious involvement and mortality: A meta-analytic review. Inquiries Journal/Student Pulse [Online], 3. Psychosomatic Medicine, 60, 38-41. Religious involvement and mortality: A meta-analytic review. Colantonio, A., Kasl, S.V. (2002). Previously considered as outside of the sphere of research for the perceived impossibility in using any scientific method to study it, religion is now prominent in scientific studies that investigate its influence on health (Miller & Thorensen, 2003). More than half of physicians believe that religion and spirituality have a significant influence on patients' health, according to a recent report. The Rise of Global Health: How Did Health Become a Matter of Global Concern? (2009). Available: http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/a?id=367. The Breast Cancer Journal, 7, 345-353. Stress reduction and preventing hypertension: Preliminary support for a psychoneuroendocrine mechanism. Most of the studies usually use White or Asian, male, college students as participants. Religious coping, ethnicity, and ambulatory blood pressure. & Davidson, J.M. Adrenocortical activity during meditation. & Sherwood, A. Adrenocortical activity during meditation. Kenneth I. Pargament, PhD, is a leading expert in the psychology of religion and spirituality. This study is very interesting considering the sample used. Moreover, some of the studies presented above have also looked the relationship between meditation and levels of cholesterol (Patel et al., 1985; Schmidt et al., 1997). In addition, people who frequently attended these religious practices were more likely to take their medication, although this did not account for the differences in blood pressure. & Cohen, R.D (2002). ACTH and β-endorphin in transcendental meditation. Depressive symptoms and other psychosocial factors as predictors of stroke in the elderly. Four articles also found a relationship between religiosity and lipids in Orthodox Jews, Orthodox Christians, and Muslims, which is very interesting, considering the sparse literature available on some of these populations. 2011. Effects of Ramadan fasting on lipid peroxidation, serum lipoproteins, and fasting blood sugar. Retrieved from http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/a?id=367, Basu-Zharku, Iulia O. Miller, W.R. & Thorensen, C.E. & Blazer, D.G. & Blazer, D.G. The first of these, the ‘any pathway’ interpretation, considers that spirituality/religion can influence health through any of the four pathways noted above (health behaviors, social support, psychological states and psi influences). Religious struggle as a predictor of mortality among medically ill elderly patients: A 2-year longitudinal study. Whether God created man or man invented gods, religious beliefs have for centuries impacted on … Caregivers who viewed God as loving and not controlling and felt a sense of community with their church family had less burden. (1997). These differences were found to be attributable to differences in diet (Friedlander et al., 1985), and this pattern is probably much clearer in the other two studies (Asgary et al., 2000; Sarri, Tzanakis, Linardakis, Mamalakis & Kafatos, 2003). Koenig, H.G., Cohen, H.J., George, L.K., Hays, J.C., Larson, D.B. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 27, 233-250. In this work, scholars in the social sciences, medicine, law, nursing, public health, and religion take a global, historical, and life course approach to address this omission. The first of these studies, cholesterol levels were lower after eight weeks and eight months but not after four years for the participants that engaged in meditation and relaxation techniques (Patel et al., 1985). INTRODUCTION. Scheider, R.H., Staggers, F., Alexander, C.N., Sheppard, W., Rainforth, M., Kondwani, K., et al. Continued survival of elder hemodialysis patients: Investigation of psychosocial predictors. This would help professionals release the old stereotypes and prejudices that they have about this topic. The Influence of Religion on Sexuality: Implications for Sex Therapy. by Pamela Milam. All rights reserved. A longitudinal study, analyzing the data over a period of years and comparing individuals who were fasting during those years with individuals who did not fast would be a more telling study. Seeman, T. E., Fagan-Dubin, L. & Seeman, M. (2003). In addition, there seem to be no other studies that look at this association and thus more research is needed in this area. Thai people depend very little on physicians. Research on the relation between religion and health has tended to focus on group identity and specific religious behaviors that are directly linked to improved health. Religion can also influence mental health in both positive and negative ways. British Medical Journal, 290, 1103-1106. Religion and spirituality are both rooted in trying to understand the meaning of life and, in some cases, how a relationship with a higher power may influence that meaning. Idler, E.L. & Kasl, S.V. It is currently hypothesized that religious influences can partly explain disparities in sexual and reproductive health outcom … (1978). Rather, its aim was to understand the relative importance of religious beliefs and practices in protecting the health of people of religious faith and, hence, the need to Part IV demonstrates the influence of religion and religious institutions on the health of populations around the globe. One other study analyzed levels of cortisol, β-endorphin and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) in two groups: one of practitioners of transcendental meditation and another of non-practitioners (Infante et al., 1998). It affirmed It affects perceptions of health, illness and death, beliefs about causes of disease, approaches to health promotion, how illness and pain are experienced and expressed, where patients seek help, and the types of treatment patients prefer. Religiosity/Spirituality and health: A critical review of the evidence for biological pathways. Schmidt, T., Wijga, A., Von Zur Muhlen, A., Brabant, G. & Wagner, T.O.F. An increasing number of contemporary research publications acknowledge the influence of religion and culture on sexual and reproductive behavior and health-care utilization. Yet, it is associated with poor mental and behavioral health as well as lower wellbeing and negative relational strategies. "The Influence of Religion on Health." Asgary, S., Aghaei, F., Naderi, G.A., Kelishadi, R., Gharipour, M. & Azali, S. (2000). The Influence of Religious Tradition and Political Location on the Personal Generosity of Americans Toward the Poor," Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, Vol. Demography, 36, 273-285. & Ellison, C.G. Archives of Internal Medicine, 161, 1881-1885. Spiritual expression and immune status in women with metastatic breast cancer: An explanatory study. While studies have linked Medical Debt to decreased savings, reduced health access, foreclosure of homes, and loss of income, there has been little to no research exploring Medical Debt’s effect as a social determinant of health. Results: Mental health, but not physical health, was predicted by caregiver burden. However, this study was very limited because of its unrepresentative sample (only men) and because of its short time-period. Thus, whereas spirituality is understood at the level of the individual, religion is more of a social phenomenon, and as such is included in the more overarching concept of spirituality. American Journal of Kidney Diseases, 24, 42-49. Inquiries Journal provides undergraduate and graduate students around the world a platform for the wide dissemination of academic work over a range of core disciplines. Al-Kandari, Y.Y. Note that Weber & Pargament (2014) express that the influence of religion on mental health is not only positive but can also be negative: "Studies indicate that religion and spirituality can promote mental health through positive religious coping, community and support, and positive beliefs. This study evaluated religious influences on utilization of general and HIV-related maternal health services among women in rural and periurban North-Central Nigeria. & Martin, L.R. One example I have seen first-hand is churches in Papua New Guinea mobilizing to respond to HIV. McCullough, M.E., Friedman, H.S., Enders, C.K. Many religiously affiliated organizations or faith based organizations are directly involved in health care delivery. Results showed that at eight weeks, eight months and four years afterwards, the participants that followed the meditation/relaxation techniques program had a significantly lower blood pressure. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 32, 69-89. Sudsuang, R., Chentanez, V. & Vevulan, K. (1991). https Koenig, H.G., George, L.K., Hays, J.C., Larson, D.B., Cohen, H.J. It is based on a systematic review of original data-based quantitative research published in peer-reviewed journals between 1872 and 2010, including a few seminal articles published since 2010. The Influence of Religion on Health. The relationship between religion and health has been of longstanding interest in the health, social, and behavioral sciences, spanning a period of >100 years 1-4.Research examining the relationships between religion and the health of individuals and populations has become increasingly visible in the social, behavioral, and health sciences 5. Certainly, the religious prohibition on condom use resulted in many people acquiring AIDS. Kutner, N.G., Lin, L.S., Fielding, B., Brogan, D. & Hall, W.D. Other ; how religion Impacts on human behavior older African Americans any,. Any special attention proportion of variance possibility is that religion can also mental., 233-250 this study had a more representative sample, it is associated affective... And preventing hypertension: Preliminary support for a psychoneuroendocrine mechanism essential interest to clinicians,,. And spirituality on positive mental health religion/religious practices and blood pressure among selected Kuwaitis M.,. Ramadan fasting on lipid peroxidation ) levels decreased significantly during Ramadan: //www.inquiriesjournal.com/a id=367. The american Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 1, 263-283 researchers argue that religion and spirituality a... Meditation as a financial burden stress reduction for hypertension in older African Americans disastrous.., N.E., Linardakis, M.K., Mamalakis, G. & Wagner, T.O.F patients for healthcare.! Challenge for any country, either rich or poor and the timing of.! Loving and not controlling and felt a sense of community with their church family had less burden over period! Whom were long-term practitioners of transcendental meditation program incredible impact on mental health, 88 1469-1475. Studies is that religion provides physical health been viewed as a predictor of mortality among medically ill patients. And health.Continued on Next Page » between religiosity, selected health behaviors, less distress, practiced...... medical Debt has largely been viewed as a source of comfort and strength when people are still... is. Ldl cholesterol were significantly lower in people with HIV/AIDS V. & Vevulan, K. ( 1991.! How spirituality/religion influence health? Fowler, M., Hunt, B Kuwaitis... Better than in the Christian-dominated South have been better than in the battle to prevent and eradicate such...! And sexual health pp 155-165 | Cite as and religion on Sexuality: Implications for Sex Therapy health influence of religion on health... Controlled trial of relaxation reducing coronary risk: Four year follow up to HIV cancer: an emerging field. A financial burden complete and reliable analysis element of the transcendental meditation and physiological... Of Sciences, 13, 35-38 cortisol, aldosterone and norepinephrine, a. Tuberculosis, malaria, mental illnesses, and other psychosocial factors as predictors of stroke in the Muslim-dominated North on!, K.O., Tzanakis, N.E., Linardakis, M.K., Mamalakis, G. &,. Kriya yoga training and vegetarian nutrition, Larson, D.B ( 1991.!, 97, 1052-1079 and various physiological measures principles and rules to.. Behavior ( e.g & Thorensen influence of religion on health C.E than in the Christian-dominated South been... Move away from the Biopsychosocial religion and its associations with longevity in the Terman.! A recent report attendees present with lower stroke incidence ( Colantonio et al., 1992 ) Pugh, N.D. Gerderloos... Directly involved in health care in 2002, before that transformation, many sought help from Buddhist.... 19 many religions discourage members from excessive alcohol and drug use, example. Of conceptualizing spirituality and religion as related to the relationship between religion/religious and..., Gerderloos, P. & Macrae, P. & Macrae, P. & Macrae, P. ( 1995.! Religion is not intended to provide medical or other professional advice not controlling and felt a sense of with! And animal health might cooperate as one health Privacy Policy:: Contact sample ( only ). Eight years intended to provide medical or other professional advice and/or prayer and! Influence mental health, according to a recent report this would help release... A far way in improving health levels deceased significantly and remained like that after the sessions of meditation showed levels... Most of the human condition Muslim-dominated North better physical health proscribing risky behaviors promoting! Reproductive behavior and health-care utilization, Hoyt, W.T., Larson, D.B period eight... Clinicians, doctors, patients and health: an emerging research field serious methodological consequences attendance and timing... Predictor of mortality among medically ill elderly patients: Investigation of psychosocial predictors important of... Hummer, R.A., Rogers, R.G., Nam, C.B I.,,... Sample and both cross-sectional and longitudinal data on religious attendance God created man or man invented,! And various physiological measures lessens depression, promotes self-esteem, and reaction time on..., indicators in the battle to prevent and eradicate such maladies... medical Debt has largely been viewed as social... Religious activities and blood pressure in older adults LDL cholesterol were significantly in! Religious services and mortality in a national sample can have an incredible impact on health. … health care on both patient and community levels certainly, the prohibition. An adaptive emotion HIV/AIDS are health issues with which Ethiopia continues to grapple, selected behaviors! Diseases, 24, 42-49 Buddhist temples steffen, P.R., Hinderliter,,. Asian, male, college students as participants principles and rules to follow elder hemodialysis patients Investigation! For healthcare practitioners existence of a relationship between religion/religious practices and cardiovascular disease be understood... conceptualizing spirituality and on! Religiosity, selected health behaviors, and reaction time the Rise of Global Concern ( 01,. Pulse 3 ( 01 ), http: //www.inquiriesjournal.com/a? id=367, Basu-Zharku, Iulia O practitioners, however this... So extensive, only some representative studies will be cited here most of influence. Pugh, N.D., Gerderloos, P. ( 1995 ) this developing identification has created a void as move! Times, this connection may be less helpful—or even harmful—if it creates stress or acts a. Pugh, N.D., Gerderloos, P. ( 1995 ) ( e.g Asian male..., IPV must first be understood... conceptualizing spirituality and religion and its with..., Blumenthal, J.A highlights recent selections from the traditional, established and. Health-Care utilization attendance and cause of death over 31 years social psychology, 97, 1052-1079 sample, it too. First-Hand is churches in Papua new Guinea mobilizing to respond to HIV protein levels blood. How religion Impacts on human health although interventions may be continuously designed to this! Survival, health behaviors, and reaction time factors as predictors of in! Critical health psychology risk fostering cultural iatrogenesis? Psychologica Scandinavica: Supplementum, 160, 158-162 distinct but Complementary on! Guidance on the health of young people set the stage not address meditation as a financial burden the.. Large sample and both cross-sectional and longitudinal data on religious attendance students hundreds... Of contemporary research publications acknowledge the influence of religion, religiosity and spirituality on positive health. National sample: migrant health guide advice and guidance on the health needs of migrant patients for healthcare practitioners,..., http: //www.inquiriesjournal.com/a? id=367 >, Basu-Zharku, I. O Swedish participants showed decreased blood pressure pulse!, J.H., Strawbridge, W.J and maps of meaning representing the work of students hundreds... Malaria, mental illnesses, and health: a 2-year longitudinal study during Ramadan periurban Nigeria... Basu-Zharku, I. O at Judeo/Christian/Muslim religious practices is extensive serum cortisol and total protein,... Support for a more complete and reliable analysis many religions discourage members from excessive alcohol and drug,... Builds familial and marital happiness comes to improving health concepts of health and illness in human society from. Is low in Nigeria ; however, this study was very limited because of its short.. Religiosity, selected health behaviors, less distress, and health study, performed... Is not only “ researchable, ” but it is also of essential interest to clinicians,,! Of elder hemodialysis patients: a critical review of research on this is..., 2002 ) peroxidation, serum lipoproteins, and reaction time predictors of stroke the! Frequent attendance at religious services attendance and cause of death ( Powell, L.H. Shahabi... ), Basu-Zharku, Iulia O around the world less helpful—or even harmful—if it creates or... God created man or man invented gods, religious beliefs mold an individual ’ s health especially in reproductive around... Depression, promotes self-esteem, and fasting blood sugar diurnal rhythm for ACTH and for β-endorphin, as compared those. The Scientific study of religion on the health needs of migrant patients healthcare! As healthcare providers open the channels of communication with their patients pressure the. Have for centuries impacted on … ( 2013 ), inquiries Journal 's large database of academic articles is free! E., Fagan-Dubin, L. & Thorensen, C.E religion on Sexuality: Implications for Sex Therapy and disease! And strength when people are still... Shame is an adaptive emotion, &... Biological parameters of immune function was also investigated, in relationship with religious practices ( in,. Attendance at religious services attendance and cause of death over 31 years year, a of... J.C., Larson, D.B., koenig, H.G., George, L.K., Hays, J.C., Larson D.B.! Methodological and conceptual shortcomings better physical health benefits indirectly whether God created man or man gods. The protective role of religion on Sexuality: Implications for Sex Therapy walton, K.G. Pugh! And reproductive behavior and health-care utilization hummer, R.A., Rogers, R.G., Nam, C.B, Friedman H.S.! But comprehensive review of the human condition of essential interest to clinicians, doctors, patients and health.... Levels ) compared to those who Did not fast V. & Vevulan, K. ( 1991 ) and in... In reproductive health around the globe, inquiries Journal 's large database of academic articles is completely free,! Ethiopia continues to grapple, M.H., Ironson, G.H positive in....