In the light of the ongoing farmer protests, here is a look at how APMC (Agriculture Produce Market Committee) markets went from being a solution to a problem. It is all very well to say that “agriculture” and “markets and fairs” fall under the State List of … In India, markets in agricultural products are regulated under the (UPSC CSAT 2015) Essential Commodities Act, 1955. Food Products Order, 1956 and Meat and Food Products Order, 1973. Background: Currently, there are restrictions for farmers in selling agri-produce outside the notified Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC). Cartelization has … How did the APMC act help? Opens up agricultural sale and marketing outside the notified Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) mandis for farmers; Removes barriers to inter-State trade ; Provides a framework for electronic trading of agricultural produce. Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) Act a) Purpose Agriculture is a state subject and almost all state governments enacted APMC act in 1950’s or so, to bring transparency and end discretion of traders. APMC-Agricultural Produce Market Committee December 20, 2020 December 20, 2020 Secureias_Admin Agricultural Produce Market Committee is set-up by the state government of each state and APMC provide a platform for the farmers to sell their agricultural produce. Agricultural Produce (Grading and Marking) Act, 1937. Farmers are unable to realize the actual values for their produce whereas consumers have to pay a much higher rate. Upon the presence of APMC (Agriculture produce market committee) Act, the number of middlemen and illegal traders has been increased. The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Ordinance has following provisions . Agriculture Produce Marketing Committee Regulation (APMC) Act. B APMC-Agricultural Produce Market Committee December 20, 2020 December 20, 2020 Secureias_Admin Agricultural Produce Market Committee is set-up by the state government of each state and APMC provide a platform for the farmers to sell their agricultural produce. Now - The same goes for the Centre’s decision to enact a Central law to dismantle the monopoly of the Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) mandis in wholesale trading of farm commodities. Farming Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Ordinance, 2020. Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) is a system operating under the State Government since agricultural marketing is a State subject that has Yards/Mandis in the market area that regulates the notified agricultural produce and livestock. Reforms of agriculture produce market committee The objectives of APMC are to ensure that farmers get justifiable money for their products and are not exploited by the forces of the market. UPSC Questions related to Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) What is APMC? Agricultural Produce Market Committee Act enacted by States. The state government of India established APMC or Agricultural Produce Market Committee to protect the farmers from exploitation by big corporate brands or retailers. Another agenda of this establishment was also to ensure that the farm to retail price does not become too high. The farmers are also restricted to sell the produce only to registered licensees of the State Governments. With the exception of Kerala, J & K, and Manipur, all other states have enacted APMC Act. The APMC Model Act of 2003 stated the necessity of having special markets for perishables. All wholesale markets for agricultural produce in states that have adopted the Agricultural Produce Market Regulation Act (APMRA) are termed as “regulated markets”. Ans . 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