After a successful return to live performing in the late 60s with his TV special, Elvis Presley remained popular in Vegas and on concert tours throughout the United States until his death in 1977. Child erotica found a niche market, but would eventually be banned under child pornography laws in the 1980s to 1990s. Popular and notable video games of the 1970s include: The first commercially available video game console, entitled, Women's hairstyles went from long and straight in the first half of the decade to the feathery cut of. 6. As the decade drew to a close, Frank Gehry broke out in new direction with his own house in Santa Monica, a highly complex structure, half excavated out of an existing bungalow and half cheaply built construction using materials such as chicken wire fencing. American Motors beat out the U.S. Big Three to subcompact sized model (the Gremlin) in 1970, but its fortunes declined throughout the decade, forcing it into a partnership with the French automaker Renault in 1979. For decades comprising years 70–79 of other centuries, see, Decade of the Gregorian calendar (1970–1979), The decade is of course an arbitrary schema itself—time doesn't just execute a neat turn toward the future every ten years. Following the Winter of Discontent, Margaret Thatcher was elected prime minister in 1979 with the purpose of implementing extreme economic reforms. From the 1970s onwards, blockbusters dominated the film industry. 3. Europe particularly depended on the Middle East for oil; the United States was also affected even though it had its own oil reserves. On the other hand, export-driven economic development in Asia, especially by the Four Asian Tigers (Hong Kong, South Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan), resulted in rapid economic transformation and industrialization. And the returns in the 1970s were impressive – up 21% annually. Many Americans lost interest afterward, feeling that since the country had accomplished President John F. Kennedy's goal of landing on the Moon by the end of the 1960s, there was no need for further missions. In the US, the average annual inflation rate from 1900 to 1970 was approximately 2.5%. Other artists; such as Conway Twitty, Loretta Lynn, Don Williams, Kenny Rogers, Dolly Parton, Ronnie Milsap, Crystal Gayle, and Barbara Mandrell; all scored hits throughout the 70s which reached both country and pop charts. Concorde makes the world's first commercial passenger-carrying supersonic flight. Japan launched a satellite for the first time in 1972. "High Tech" architecture moved forward as Buckminster Fuller continued his experiments in geodesic domes, while the Georges Pompidou Center, designed by Renzo Piano and Richard Rogers, which opened in 1977, was a prominent example. 5 Things We Did As Children In The 1970s That Kids Today Don't Do. This happened in the periods from 1973 to 1977 and from 2009 to 2014. [3] The United States withdrew its military forces from their previous involvement in the Vietnam War, which had grown enormously unpopular. The television western, which had been very popular in the 1950s and 1960s, all but died out during the 1970s, with Bonanza, The Virginian, and Gunsmoke ending their runs. The mid-1970s also saw the rise of disco music, which dominated during the last half of the decade with bands like the Bee Gees, Chic, ABBA, Village People, Boney M, Donna Summer, KC and the Sunshine Band, and others. As the 1970s began, the Big Three TV networks were rapidly re-engineering their lineups, noting that existing programs were not attracting the youth audience. 1970 Dodge Challenger Trans Am, example of muscle cars in the earlier part of the decade. Ford followed suit two years later, with Chrysler offering new small front-wheel-drive models, but was suffering from a worsening financial situation caused by various factors. The results of the movement included a new awareness of such issues among women, and unprecedented numbers of women elected to public office, particularly the United States Senate. The Moon landings continued through 1972, but the near loss of the Apollo 13 mission in April 1970 served to further anti-NASA feelings. The oil shocks of 1973 and 1979added to the existing ailments and conjured high inflation throughout much of the world for th… It was the '70s, after all. 1. Dec 31, 1970. 1970 Beatles Break Up There were numerous causes for the Beatles' break-up. Japan's economic growth surpassed the rest of the world in the 1970s, unseating the United States as the world's foremost industrial power. 2. What happened in 1970's Music? There was also a growing sentiment that the billions of dollars spent on the space program should be put to other uses. Excellent analysis overall. After 1974, unemployment averaged 7.9 percent and some years … The 1970s mean two things to many Americans: the Vietnam War and the Watergate scandal. Many advertising trends of the 1970s also reflected this growing social consciousness trend, such as with Coca-Cola's "Give the World a Coke" and McDonalds "You Deserve a Break" campaigns.[26]. NASA had planned for a Shuttle mission to the space station, but the shuttles were not ready to fly until 1981, too late to save it. Usually the big American companies would invest millions in one or two big films, or blockbusters, a year. 4th January » A 1970 Tonghai earthquake named magnitude 7.7 earthquake strikes Tonghai County, China, killing at least 15,000 people. [12], Cars in the U.S. from the early 1970s are noted more for their power than their styling, but they even lost their power by Malaise era of the late-1970s. 1970: A Shocking Day On May 4, members of the Ohio National Guard open fire at Kent State University students who were protesting the Vietnam War. And the returns in the 1970s were impressive – up 21% annually. The Japanese automobile industry flourished during the 1970s, compared to other major auto markets. The feminist movement also splintered from a larger push for Civil Rights in the 1970s. In Asia, affairs regarding the People's Republic of China changed significantly following the recognition of the PRC by the United Nations, the death of Mao Zedong and the beginning of market liberalization by Mao's successors. The 1970s also saw the decline and practical failure of the British car industry—a combination of militant strikes and poor quality control effectively halted development at British Leyland, owner of all other British car companies during the 1970s. Following the wind- down of the early 1970s, Kennedy's momentum started ramping up anew towards the end of the decade when the infrastructure for the space shuttle fleet took shape and saw some testing. The 1970s was an era of fuel price increases, rising insurance rates, safety concerns, and emissions controls. It was not a single event but a long transition. I had more freedom as a kid then than most kids have today. ASTP was the last manned American space flight for the next five years. In-Depth 1970s Profiles. A Philips N1500 video cassette recorder, with wooden cabinet. The most prominent events and trends in popular culture of the decade (particularly in the Anglosphere) include: During the early 1970s, popular music continued to be dominated by musicians who had achieved fame during the 1960s such as the Rolling Stones, The Who, Elvis Presley, Bob Dylan, The Grateful Dead, and Eric Clapton. :) I actually don't recall tie-dye being all that popular until the 1970s. New nations emerged around the world, and insurgent movements sought to overthrow existing governments. 7th January » The Punjab Legislative Council (Abolition) Act, 1969 comes into effect. Problems in the economy in the 1970s . In Eastern Europe, Soviet-style command economies began showing signs of stagnation, in which successes were persistently dogged by setbacks. The Exorcist (1973) was a box office success for the horror genre, inspiring many other so-called "devil (Satan)" films like The Omen and both of their own sequels. Japanese band Yellow Magic Orchestra helped to pioneer synthpop, with their self-titled album (in 1978) setting a template with less minimalism and with a strong emphasis on melody, and drawing from a wider range of influences than had been employed by Kraftwerk. Many popular British situation comedies (sit-coms) were gentle, unchallenging comedies of middle-class life; typical examples were Terry and June and Sykes. John Updike emerged as a major literary figure. It eventually proved a success, with missions as long as six months being conducted by the end of the decade. Regardless, the 1970s did happen, caveats and all. On April 13, 1975, the Lebanese Civil War began. Year-by-year timeline with over 100 pics. Coups, civil wars, and terrorism went on across Asia, Africa, and Latin America, and also in Europe where a spate of Soviet-backed Marxist terrorist groups were active throughout the decade. Obviously you might be old enough to *gasp* remember, but for those of us who weren’t yet even twinkles in our father’s eye, here’s what was going on (Marvin Gaye, May ’71). Sex was everywhere in the 1970s. When we recall Britain in the 70s, we often think of a decade of strikes, the three-day week, sky-high inflation - and streets strewn with rubbish. 04/24/1970– China became the fifth nation to put a satellite into orbit. France ignored the court’s ruling that they should cease testing. Jan 13 Colonel Odumegwu Ojukwu flees Biafra into exile, leaving his deputy Philip Effiong to surrender to the Nigerian army, unofficially ending the Nigerian Civil War. 'The '60s are over,' a slogan one only began to hear in 1972 or so, mobilized all those eager to believe that idealism had become passe, and once they were mobilized, it had. The science fiction phenomenon of the late 1970s that began with Star Wars went to television with shows such as Battlestar Galactica. Important Events in 1970. [citation needed] As a result, ecological awareness rose substantially, which had a major effect on the economy. By then, however, they had already begun Salyut, the world's first space station program, which began in 1971. The movies of the Swedish director Ingmar Bergman reached a new level of expression in motion pictures like Cries and Whispers (1973). The event of legalized abortion and over-the-counter birth control pills also played a major factor. Two of popular music's most successful artists from other eras died within eight weeks of each other in 1977. With the rising cost of hard-cover books and the increasing readership of "genre fiction", the paperback became a popular medium. —Robert Christgau in Christgau's Record Guide (1981)[18]. From 1970 to 1979, however, the average rate was 7.06%, and topped out at 13.29% in December 1979. Experimental classical music influenced both art rock and progressive rock genres with bands such as Pink Floyd, Yes, Todd Rundgren's Utopia, Supertramp, Rush, Genesis, King Crimson, Emerson, Lake & Palmer, Jethro Tull, The Moody Blues and Soft Machine. At the start of the 70s decade, the consumption of oil in the United States of America was at an all-time high. It has lost nearly 50% over a 20-month period, and for close to a decade few people want anything to do with stocks. HBO launched on November 8, 1972, becoming the nation's first pay-television channel. Novelist Tom Wolfe coined the term " 'Me' decade" in his essay "The 'Me' Decade and the Third Great Awakening", published by New York Magazine in August 1976 referring to the 1970s. [3] Japan would rank as the world's second-largest economy until 1994 when the European Economic Area (18 countries under a single market) came into effect. The fiftieth anniversary of the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution (which legalized female suffrage) in 1970 was commemorated by the Women's Strike for Equality and other protests. Game shows such as Match Game, The Hollywood Squares, Family Feud, and many others saw its golden age on daytime television. On April 4, 1975, the rear loading ramp on a, On November 10, 1975, the U.S. Great Lakes bulk freighter, Christian Democratic leader and former Prime Minister of Italy, César Milstein and Georges Köhler reported their discovery of how to use hybridoma cells to isolate, After successful vaccination campaigns throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, the WHO certified the eradication of. From David Bowie to Led Zeppelin to Pink Floyd, the list I could make would keep you scrolling for days. In addition, many newcomer rock groups such as Black Sabbath and Led Zeppelin appeared. The Cincinnati Reds go to the World Series in 1970, 1972, 1975, and 1976, led by the Big Red Machine winning two out of four. The Dallas Cowboys and the Pittsburgh Steelers dominated the decade in the NFL. In response to this, rock music became increasingly hard-edged, with early metal artists like Led Zeppelin, Jimi Hendrix, Black Sabbath, and Deep Purple. Anwar Sadat, President of Egypt, was instrumental in the event and consequently became extremely unpopular in the Arab world and the wider Muslim world. 07/05/1970– An Air Canada DC-8 aircraft crashed near Toronto, killing 109 on board. During the 1970s, Hollywood continued the New Hollywood revolution of the late-1960s with young film-makers. The genre also saw its golden age of vocal duos and groups in this decade; with Conway Twitty and Loretta Lynn, George Jones and Tammy Wynette, Jim Ed Brown and Helen Cornelius, the Bellamy Brothers, the Oak Ridge Boys, the Statler Brothers, Dave & Sugar, and The Kendalls. In a nutshell, neoliberalism began to take hold. Still in limited release 36 years after its premiere, it is the longest-running theatrical release in film history. By 1979, the company was near bankruptcy, and under its new president Lee Iacocca (who had been fired from Ford the year before), asked for a government bailout. The events leading up to the Vietnam War, and those following it, affected the way pop culture moved as well. It led to double-digit interest rates that rose to unprecedented levels (above 12% per year). Four men were killed in February when part of the western end of the Kaimai rail tunnel collapsed during its construction. In 1970, Japan overtook West Germany to become the world's second-largest economy. However, their economic growth was slowed by the oil crisis, although it boomed afterwards. US president. Reeling from a decade of social turmoil, New York in the 1970s fell into a deep tailspin provoked by the flight of the middle class to the suburbs and a nationwide economic recession that hit New York’s industrial sector especially hard. Hip hop was also influenced by the song "The Revolution Will Not Be Televised" by Gil Scott-Heron. In the 1970s, he was his own photographer, model, and fashion designer. In the late 1970s, the post-war economic boom came to an end. The term describes a general new attitude of Americans towards atomized individualism and away from communitarianism, in clear contrast with the 1960s. British Rail introduced high-speed trains on InterCity services. 1977 brought many high-profile biographical works of literary figures, such as those of Virginia Woolf, Agatha Christie, and J. R. R. Tolkien. People also call it as The Capital and the Royal & SunAlliance Building. 1. The science fiction show Doctor Who reached its peak. Rhodesia severs last tie with British Crown and declares itself a racially segregated republic (March 1). By contrast, the 1960s and 1970s were a time of significant change. New Zealand’s ongoing protest over French nuclear testing in French Polynesia reached the International Court of Justice. A lot of newsworthy things happened around the world in the 1970s, some of them had a more lasting impact than others. 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